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天主教中英对照(新约)列表
·Matthew Chapter 1(玛窦福音)
·Matthew Chapter 2
·Matthew Chapter 3
·Matthew Chapter 4
·Matthew Chapter 5
·Matthew Chapter 6
·Matthew Chapter 7
·Matthew Chapter 8
·Matthew Chapter 9
·Matthew Chapter 10
·Matthew Chapter 11
·Matthew Chapter 12
·Matthew Chapter 13
·Matthew Chapter 14
·Matthew Chapter 15
·Matthew Chapter 16
·Matthew Chapter 17
·Matthew Chapter 18
·Matthew Chapter 19
·Matthew Chapter 20
·Matthew Chapter 21
·Matthew Chapter 22
·Matthew Chapter 23
·Matthew Chapter 24
·Matthew Chapter 25
·Matthew Chapter 26
·Matthew Chapter 27
·Mark Chapter 1(玛尔谷福音)
·Mark Chapter 2
·Mark Chapter 3
·Mark Chapter 4
·Mark Chapter 5
·Mark Chapter 6
·Mark Chapter 7
·Mark Chapter 8
·Mark Chapter 9
·Mark Chapter 10
·Mark Chapter 11
·Mark Chapter 12
·Mark Chapter 13
·Mark Chapter 14
·Mark Chapter 15
·Mark Chapter 16
·Luke Chapter 1(路加福音)
·Luke Chapter 2
·Luke Chapter 3
·Luke Chapter 4
·Luke Chapter 5
·Luke Chapter 6
·Luke Chapter 7
·Luke Chapter 8
·Luke Chapter 9
·Luke Chapter 10
·Luke Chapter 11
·Luke Chapter 12
·Luke Chapter 13
·Luke Chapter 14
·Luke Chapter 15
·Luke Chapter 16
·Luke Chapter 17
·Luke Chapter 18
·Luke Chapter 19
·Luke Chapter 20
·Luke Chapter 21
·Luke Chapter 22
·Luke Chapter 23
·Luke Chapter 24
·John Chapter 1(若望福音)
·John Chapter 2
·John Chapter 3
·John Chapter 4
·John Chapter 5
·John Chapter 6
·John Chapter 7
·John Chapter 8
·John Chapter 9
·John Chapter 10
·John Chapter 11
·John Chapter 12
·John Chapter 13
·John Chapter 14
·John Chapter 15
·John Chapter 16
·John Chapter 17
·John Chapter 18
·John Chapter 19
·John Chapter 20
·John Chapter 21
·Acts Chapter 1(宗徒大事录)
·Acts Chapter 2
·Acts Chapter 3
·Acts Chapter 4
·Acts Chapter 5
·Acts Chapter 6
·Acts Chapter 7
·Acts Chapter 8
·Acts Chapter 9
·Acts Chapter 10
·Acts Chapter 11
·Acts Chapter 12
·Acts Chapter 13
·Acts Chapter 14
·Acts Chapter 15
·Acts Chapter 16
·Acts Chapter 17
·Acts Chapter 18
·Acts Chapter 19
·Acts Chapter 20
·Acts Chapter 21
·Acts Chapter 22
·Acts Chapter 23
·Acts Chapter 24
·Acts Chapter 25
·Acts Chapter 26
·Acts Chapter 27
·Acts Chapter 28
·Romans Chapter 1(罗马人书)
·Romans Chapter 2
·Romans Chapter 3
·Romans Chapter 4
·Romans Chapter 5
·Romans Chapter 6
·Romans Chapter 7
·Romans Chapter 8
·Romans Chapter 9
·Romans Chapter 10
·Romans Chapter 11
·Romans Chapter 12
·Romans Chapter 13
·Romans Chapter 14
·Romans Chapter 15
·Romans Chapter 16
·1 Corinthians Chapter 1[格前]
·1 Corinthians Chapter 2
·1 Corinthians Chapter 3
·1 Corinthians Chapter 4
·1 Corinthians Chapter 5
·1 Corinthians Chapter 6
·1 Corinthians Chapter 7
·1 Corinthians Chapter 8
·1 Corinthians Chapter 9
·1 Corinthians Chapter 10
·1 Corinthians Chapter 11
·1 Corinthians Chapter 12
·1 Corinthians Chapter 13
·1 Corinthians Chapter 14
·1 Corinthians Chapter 15
·1 Corinthians Chapter 16
·2 Corinthians Chapter 1[格后]
·2 Corinthians Chapter 2
·2 Corinthians Chapter 3
·2 Corinthians Chapter 4
·2 Corinthians Chapter 5
·2 Corinthians Chapter 6
·2 Corinthians Chapter 7
·2 Corinthians Chapter 8
·2 Corinthians Chapter 9
·2 Corinthians Chapter 10
·2 Corinthians Chapter 11
·2 Corinthians Chapter 12
·2 Corinthians Chapter 13
·Galatians Chapter 1迦拉达书
·Galatians Chapter 2
·Galatians Chapter 3
·Galatians Chapter 4
·Galatians Chapter 5
·Galatians Chapter 6
·Ephesians Chapter 1厄弗所书
·Ephesians Chapter 2
·Ephesians Chapter 3
·Ephesians Chapter 4
·Ephesians Chapter 5
·Ephesians Chapter 6
·Philippians Chapter 1斐理伯书
·Philippians Chapter 2
·Philippians Chapter 3
·Philippians Chapter 4
·Colossians Chapter 1哥罗森书
·Colossians Chapter 2
·Colossians Chapter 3
·Colossians Chapter 4
·1 Thessalonians Chapter 1[得前
·1 Thessalonians Chapter 2
·1 Thessalonians Chapter 3
·1 Thessalonians Chapter 4
·1 Thessalonians Chapter 5
·2 Thessalonians Chapter 1[得后
·2 Thessalonians Chapter 2
·2 Thessalonians Chapter 3
·1 Timothy Chapter 1弟茂德前书
·1 Timothy Chapter 2
·1 Timothy Chapter 3
·1 Timothy Chapter 4
·1 Timothy Chapter 5
·1 Timothy Chapter 6
·2 Timothy Chapter 1弟茂德后书
·2 Timothy Chapter 2
·2 Timothy Chapter 3
·2 Timothy Chapter 4
·Titus Chapter 1弟铎书
·Titus Chapter 2
·Titus Chapter 3
·Philemon 费肋孟书
·Hebrews Chapter 1希伯来书
·Hebrews Chapter 2
·Hebrews Chapter 3
·Hebrews Chapter 4
·Hebrews Chapter 5
·Hebrews Chapter 6
·Hebrews Chapter 7
·Hebrews Chapter 8
·Hebrews Chapter 9
·Hebrews Chapter 10
·Hebrews Chapter 11
·Hebrews Chapter 12
·Hebrews Chapter 13
·James Chapter 1雅各伯书
·James Chapter 2
·James Chapter 3
·James Chapter 4
·James Chapter 5
·Matthew Chapter 28
·1 Peter Chapter 1伯多禄前书
·1 Peter Chapter 2
·1 Peter Chapter 3
·1 Peter Chapter 4
·1 Peter Chapter 5
·2 Peter Chapter 1伯多禄后书
·2 Peter Chapter 2
·2 Peter Chapter 3
·1 John Chapter 1若望一书
·1 John Chapter 2
·1 John Chapter 3
·1 John Chapter 4
·1 John Chapter 5
·2 John 若望二书
·3 John 若望三书
·Jude 犹达书
·Revelation Chapter 1若望默示录
·Revelation Chapter 2
·Revelation Chapter 3
·Revelation Chapter 4
·Revelation Chapter 5
·Revelation Chapter 6
·Revelation Chapter 7
·Revelation Chapter 8
·Revelation Chapter 9
·Revelation Chapter 10
·Revelation Chapter 11
·Revelation Chapter 12
·Revelation Chapter 13
·Revelation Chapter 14
·Revelation Chapter 15
·Revelation Chapter 16
·Revelation Chapter 17
·Revelation Chapter 18
·Revelation Chapter 19
·Revelation Chapter 20
·Revelation Chapter 21
·Revelation Chapter 22
「我的民因无知识而灭亡。你弃掉知识,我也必弃掉你,使你不再给我作祭司。」
Matthew Chapter 17
Matthew Chapter 17
浏览次数:2404 更新时间:2009-6-7
 
 
 

Matthew
Chapter 17

1 1 2 After six days Jesus took Peter, James, and John his brother, and led them up a high mountain by themselves.

六天以后,耶稣带着伯多禄,雅各伯和他的兄弟若望,单独带领他们上了一座高山,

2 3 And he was transfigured before them; his face shone like the sun and his clothes became white as light.

在他们面前变了容貌:发光有如太阳,他的衣服洁白如光。

3 4 And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, conversing with him.

忽然,梅瑟和厄里亚也显现给他们,正在同耶稣谈论。

4 Then Peter said to Jesus in reply, Lord, it is good that we are here. If you wish, I will make three tents 5 here, one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah.

伯多禄就开口对耶稣说:"主啊!我们在这里真好!你若愿意,我就在这里张搭三个帐棚:一个为你,一个为梅瑟,一个为厄里亚。"

5 While he was still speaking, behold, a bright cloud cast a shadow over them, 6 then from the cloud came a voice that said, This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased; listen to him.

他还在说话的时候,忽有一片光耀的云彩遮蔽了他们,并且云中有声音说:"这是我的爱子,我所喜悦的,你们要听从他!"

6 7 When the disciples heard this, they fell prostrate and were very much afraid.

门徒听了,就俯伏在地,非常害怕。

7 But Jesus came and touched them, saying, Rise, and do not be afraid.

耶稣遂前来,抚摩他们说:"起来,不要害怕!"

8 And when the disciples raised their eyes, they saw no one else but Jesus alone.

他们举目一看,任谁都不见了,只有耶稣独自一人。

9 8 As they were coming down from the mountain, Jesus charged them, Do not tell the vision 9 to anyone until the Son of Man has been raised from the dead.

他们从山上下来的时候,耶稣嘱咐他们说:"非等人子由死者中复活,你们不要将所见的告诉任何人。"

10 10 Then the disciples asked him, Why do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?

门徒便问耶稣说:"那么,为什么经师说:厄里亚应该先来呢?

11 He said in reply, 11 Elijah will indeed come and restore all things;

耶稣回答说:"厄里亚的确要来,且要重整一切;

12 but I tell you that Elijah has already come, and they did not recognize him but did to him whatever they pleased. So also will the Son of Man suffer at their hands.

但我告诉你们:厄里亚已经来了,人们却不认识他,反而任意待了他;照样,人子也要受他们的磨难。"

13 12 Then the disciples understood that he was speaking to them of John the Baptist.

门徒这才明白耶稣给他们所说的,是指的洗者若翰。

14 13 When they came to the crowd a man approached, knelt down before him,

当他们来到群众那里时,有一个人来到耶稣跟前,跪下,

15 and said, Lord, have pity on my son, for he is a lunatic 14 and suffers severely; often he falls into fire, and often into water.

说:"主啊,可怜我的儿子罢!他患癫痫病很苦,屡次跌在火中,又屡次跌在水里。

16 I brought him to your disciples, but they could not cure him.

我把他带到你的门徒跟前,他们却不能治好他。"

17 Jesus said in reply, O faithless and perverse 15 generation, how long will I be with you? How long will I endure you? Bring him here to me.

耶稣回答说:"哎!无信败坏的世代,我同你们在一起要到几时呢?我容忍你们要到几时呢?把他给我带到这里来!"

18 Jesus rebuked him and the demon came out of him, 16 and from that hour the boy was cured.

耶稣遂叱责魔鬼,魔鬼就从孩子身上出去了;从那时刻,孩子就好了。

19 Then the disciples approached Jesus in private and said, Why could we not drive it out?

以后,门徒前来私下对耶稣说:"为什么我们不能逐出这魔鬼呢?

20 17 He said to them, Because of your little faith. Amen, I say to you, if you have faith the size of a mustard seed, you will say to this mountain, 'Move from here to there,' and it will move. Nothing will be impossible for you.

耶稣对他们说:"由于你们缺少信德;我实在告诉你们:假如你们有像芥子那么大的信德,你们向这座山说:从这边移到那边去!它必会移过去的;为你们没有不可能的事。

21 But this kind does not come out except by prayer and fasting 18

但这类魔鬼非用祈祷和禁食,是不能赶出去的。

22 19 As they were gathering in Galilee, Jesus said to them, The Son of Man is to be handed over to men,

当耶稣同门徒在加里肋亚周游时,耶稣对他们说:"人子将被交于人们手中。

23 and they will kill him, and he will be raised on the third day. And they were overwhelmed with grief.

他们要杀害他,第三天他必要复活。"门徒就非常忧郁。

24 20 When they came to Capernaum, the collectors of the temple tax 21 approached Peter and said, Doesn't your teacher pay the temple tax?

他们来到葛法翁时,收殿税的人来到伯多禄跟前说:"你们的师傅不纳殿税吗?

25 Yes, he said. 22 When he came into the house, before he had time to speak, Jesus asked him, What is your opinion, Simon? From whom do the kings of the earth take tolls or census tax? From their subjects or from foreigners?

伯多禄说:自然纳的。他一进到屋里,耶稣就先对他说:西满!你以为怎样?地上的君王向谁征收关税或丁税呢?向自己的儿子,或是向外人?”

26 23 When he said, From foreigners, Jesus said to him, Then the subjects are exempt.

伯多禄说:向外人。耶稣对他说:所以儿子是免税的了。

27 But that we may not offend them, 24 go to the sea, drop in a hook, and take the first fish that comes up. Open its mouth and you will find a coin worth twice the temple tax. Give that to them for me and for you.

但是,为避免使他们疑怪,你往海边去垂钓,拿钓上来的第一条鱼,开了它的口,就会找到一块斯塔特。拿去交给他们,当作我和你的殿税。

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Footnotes(注解)

1 [1-8] The account of the transfiguration confirms that Jesus is the Son of God (Matthew 17:5) and points to fulfillment of the prediction that he will come in his Father's glory at the end of the age (Matthew 16:27). It has been explained by some as a resurrection appearance retrojected into the time of Jesus' ministry, but that is not probable since the account lacks many of the usual elements of the resurrection-appearance narratives. It draws upon motifs from the Old Testament and noncanonical Jewish apocalyptic literature that express the presence of the heavenly and the divine, e.g., brilliant light, white garments, and the overshadowing cloud.

2 [1] These three disciples are also taken apart from the others by Jesus in Gethsemane (Matthew 26:37). A high mountain: this has been identified with Tabor or Hermon, but probably no specific mountain was intended by the evangelist or by his Marcan source (Matthew 9:2). Its meaning is theological rather than geographical, possibly recalling the revelation to Moses on Mount Sinai (Exodus 24:12-18) and to Elijah at the same place (1 Kings 19:8-18; Horeb = Sinai).

3 [2] His face shone like the sun: this is a Matthean addition; cf Daniel 10:6. His clothes became white as light: cf Daniel 7:9 where the clothing of God appears snow bright. For the white garments of other heavenly beings, see Rev 4:4; 7:9; 19:14.

4 [3] See the note on Mark 9:5.

5 [4] Three tents: the booths in which the Israelites lived during the feast of Tabernacles (cf John 7:2) were meant to recall their ancestors' dwelling in booths during the journey from Egypt to the promised land (Lev 23:39-42). The same Greek word, skene, here translated tents, is used in the LXX for the booths of that feast, and some scholars have suggested that there is an allusion here to that liturgical custom.

6 [5] Cloud cast a shadow over them: see the note on Mark 9:7. This is my beloved Son . . . listen to him: cf Matthew 3:17. The voice repeats the baptismal proclamation about Jesus, with the addition of the command listen to him. The latter is a reference to Deut 18:15 in which the Israelites are commanded to listen to the prophet like Moses whom God will raise up for them. The command to listen to Jesus is general, but in this context it probably applies particularly to the preceding predictions of his passion and resurrection (Matthew 16:21) and of his coming (Matthew 16:27, 28).

7 [6-7] A Matthean addition; cf Daniel 10:9-10, 18-19.

8 [9] In response to the disciples' question about the expected return of Elijah, Jesus interprets the mission of the Baptist as the fulfillment of that expectation. But that was not suspected by those who opposed and finally killed him, and Jesus predicts a similar fate for himself.

9 [9] The vision: Matthew alone uses this word to describe the transfiguration. Until the Son of Man has been raised from the dead: only in the light of Jesus' resurrection can the meaning of his life and mission be truly understood; until then no testimony to the vision will lead people to faith. Matthew 17:9-13

10 [10] See the notes on Matthew 3:4; 16:14.

11 [11-12] The preceding question and this answer may reflect later controversy with Jews who objected to the Christian claims for Jesus that Elijah had not yet come.

12 [13] See Matthew 11:14.

13 [14-20] Matthew has greatly shortened the Marcan story (Matthew 9:14-29). Leaving aside several details of the boy's illness, he concentrates on the need for faith, not so much on the part of the boy's father (as does Mark, for Matthew omits Mark 9:22b-24) but on that of his own disciples whose inability to drive out the demon is ascribed to their little faith (Matthew 17:20).

14 [15] A lunatic: this description of the boy is peculiar to Matthew. The word occurs in the New Testament only here and in Matthew 4:24 and means one affected or struck by the moon. The symptoms of the boy's illness point to epilepsy, and attacks of this were thought to be caused by phases of the moon.

15 [17] Faithless and perverse: so Matthew and Luke (Matthew 9:41) against Mark's faithless (Matthew 9:19). The Greek word here translated perverse is the same as that in Deut 32:5 LXX, where Moses speaks to his people. There is a problem in knowing to whom the reproach is addressed. Since the Matthean Jesus normally chides his disciples for their little faith (as in Matthew 17:20), it would appear that the charge of lack of faith could not be made against them and that the reproach is addressed to unbelievers among the Jews. However in Matthew 17:20b (if you have faith the size of a mustard seed), which is certainly addressed to the disciples, they appear to have not even the smallest faith; if they had, they would have been able to cure the boy. In the light of Matthew 17:20b the reproach of Matthew 17:17 could have applied to the disciples. There seems to be an inconsistency between the charge of little faith in Matthew 17:20a and that of not even a little in Matthew 17:20b.

16 [18] The demon came out of him: not until this verse does Matthew indicate that the boy's illness is a case of demoniacal possession.

17 [20] The entire verse is an addition of Matthew who (according to the better attested text) omits the reason given for the disciples' inability in Mark 9:29. Little faith: see the note on Matthew 6, 30. Faith the size of a mustard seed . . . and it will move: a combination of a Q saying (cf Luke 17:6) with a Marcan saying (cf Mark 11:23).

18 [21] Some manuscripts add, But this kind does not come out except by prayer and fasting; this is a variant of the better reading of Mark 9:29.

19 [22-23] The second passion prediction (cf Matthew 16:21-23) is the least detailed of the three and may be the earliest. In the Marcan parallel the disciples do not understand (Matthew 9:32); here they understand and are overwhelmed with grief at the prospect of Jesus' death (Matthew 17:23).

20 [24-27] Like Matthew 14:28-31 and Matthew 16:16b-19, this episode comes from Matthew's special material on Peter. Although the question of the collectors concerns Jesus' payment of the temple tax, it is put to Peter. It is he who receives instruction from Jesus about freedom from the obligation of payment and yet why it should be made. The means of doing so is provided miraculously. The pericope deals with a problem of Matthew's church, whether its members should pay the temple tax, and the answer is given through a word of Jesus conveyed to Peter. Some scholars see here an example of the teaching authority of Peter exercised in the name of Jesus (see Matthew 16:19). The specific problem was a Jewish Christian one and may have arisen when the Matthean church was composed largely of that group.

21 [24] The temple tax: before the destruction of the Jerusalem temple in A.D. 70 every male Jew above nineteen years of age was obliged to make an annual contribution to its upkeep (cf Exodus 30:11-16; Nehemiah 10:33). After the destruction the Romans imposed upon Jews the obligation of paying that tax for the temple of Jupiter Capitolinus. There is disagreement about which period the story deals with.

22 [25] From their subjects or from foreigners?: the Greek word here translated subjects literally means sons.

23 [26] Then the subjects are exempt: just as subjects are not bound by laws applying to foreigners, neither are Jesus and his disciples, who belong to the kingdom of heaven, bound by the duty of paying the temple tax imposed on those who are not of the kingdom. If the Greek is translated sons, the freedom of Jesus, the Son of God, and of his disciples, children (sons) of the kingdom (cf Matthew 13:38), is even more clear.

24 [27] That we may not offend them: though they are exempt (Matthew 17:26), Jesus and his disciples are to avoid giving offense; therefore the tax is to be paid. A coin worth twice the temple tax: literally, a stater, a Greek coin worth two double drachmas. Two double drachmas were equal to the Jewish shekel and the tax was a half-shekel. For me and for you: not only Jesus but Peter pays the tax, and this example serves as a standard for the conduct of all the disciples.

 

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