3 For the time will come when people will not tolerate sound doctrine but, following their own desires and insatiable curiosity, 2 will accumulate teachers
7 4 I have competed well; I have finished the race; I have kept the faith.
8 5 From now on the crown of righteousness awaits me, which the Lord, the just judge, will award to me on that day, and not only to me, but to all who have longed for his appearance.
9 6 Try to join me soon,
10 for Demas, enamored of the present world, deserted me and went to Thessalonica, Crescens to
20 Erastus 10 remained in
21 Try to get here before winter. Eubulus, Pudens, Linus, 11 Claudia, and all the brothers send greetings.
1 [1-5] The gravity of the obligation incumbent on Timothy to preach the word can be gauged from the solemn adjuration: in the presence of God, and of Christ coming as universal judge, and by his appearance and his kingly power (2 Tim 4:1). Patience, courage, constancy, and endurance are required despite the opposition, hostility, indifference, and defection of many to whom the truth has been preached (2 Tim 4:2-5).
2  Insatiable curiosity: literally, "with itching ears."
4  At the close of his life Paul could testify to the accomplishment of what Christ himself foretold concerning him at the time of his conversion, "I will show him what he will have to suffer for my name" (Acts 9:16).
5  When the world is judged at the parousia, all who have eagerly looked for the Lord's appearing and have sought to live according to his teachings will be rewarded. The crown is a reference to the laurel wreath placed on the heads of victorious athletes and conquerors in war; cf 2 Tim 2:5; 1 Cor 9:25.
6 [9-13] Demas either abandoned the work of the ministry for worldly affairs or, perhaps, gave up the faith itself (2 Tim 4:10). Luke (2 Tim 4:11) may have accompanied Paul on parts of his second and third missionary journeys (Acts 16:10-12; 20:5-7). Notice the presence of the first personal pronoun "we" in these Acts passages, suggesting to some that Luke (or at least some traveling companion of Paul's) was the author of Acts. Mark, once rejected by Paul (Acts 13:13; 15:39), is now to render him a great service (2 Tim 4:11); cf Col 4:10; Philemon 1:24. For Tychicus, see Eph 6:21; cf also Acts 20:4; Col 4:7.
8 [14-18] Alexander: an opponent of Paul's preaching (2 Tim 4:14-15), perhaps the one who is mentioned in 1 Tim 1:20. Despite Paul's abandonment by his friends in the province of Asia (cf 2 Tim 1:15-16), the divine assistance brought this first trial to a successful issue, even to the point of making the gospel message known to those who participated in or witnessed the trial (2 Tim 4:16-17).
9  Prisca and Aquila: they assisted Paul in his ministry in
11  Linus: Western tradition sometimes identified this Linus with the supposed successor of Peter as bishop of