3 Once again I declare to every man who has himself circumcised that he is bound to observe the entire law. 3
6 For in Christ Jesus, neither circumcision nor uncircumcision counts for anything, but only faith working through love. 4
8 That enticement does not come from the one who called you.7
9 A little yeast leavens the whole batch of dough.
11 As for me, brothers, if I am still preaching circumcision, 8 why am I still being persecuted? In that case, the stumbling block of the cross has been abolished.
12 Would that those who are upsetting you might also castrate themselves! 9
14 For the whole law is fulfilled in one statement, namely, "You shall love your neighbor as yourself." 12
16 I say, then: live by the Spirit and you will certainly not gratify the desire of the flesh. 13
19 14 Now the works of the flesh are obvious: immorality, impurity, licentiousness,
20 idolatry, sorcery, hatreds, rivalry, jealousy, outbursts of fury, acts of selfishness, dissensions, factions,
21 occasions of envy, 15 drinking bouts, orgies, and the like. I warn you, as I warned you before, that those who do such things will not inherit the
26 Let us not be conceited, provoking one another, envious of one another.
1 [1-6] Paul begins the exhortations, continuing through Gal 6:10, with an appeal to the Galatians to side with freedom instead of slavery (Gal 5:1). He reiterates his message of justification or righteousness by faith instead of law and circumcision (Gal 5:2-5); cf Gal 2:16; 3:3. Faith, not circumcision, is what counts (Gal 5:6).
2  Freedom: Paul stresses as the conclusion from the allegory in Gal 4:21-31 this result of Christ's work for us. It is a principle previously mentioned (Gal 2:4), the responsible use of which Gal 5:13 will emphasize.
5 [7-12] Paul addresses the Galatians directly: with questions (Gal 5:7, 11), a proverb (Gal 5:9), a statement (Gal 5:8), and biting sarcasm (Gal 5:12), seeking to persuade the Galatians to break with those trying to add law and circumcision to Christ as a basis for salvation.
8  Preaching circumcision: this could refer to Paul's pre- Christian period (possibly as a missionary for Judaism); more probably it arose as a charge from opponents, based perhaps on the story in Acts 16:1-3 that Paul had circumcised Timothy "on account of the Jews." Unlike the Gentile Titus in Gal 2:3 Timothy was the son of a Jewish mother. The stumbling block of the cross: cf 1 Cor 1:23.
10 [13-26] In light of another reminder of the freedom of the gospel (Gal 5:13; cf Gal 5:1), Paul elaborates on what believers are called to do and be: they fulfill the law by love of neighbor (Gal 5:14-15), walking in the Spirit (Gal 5:16-26), as is illustrated by concrete fruit of the Spirit in their lives.
14 [19-23] Such lists of vices and virtues (cf Romans 1:29-31; 1 Cor 6:9-10) were common in the ancient world. Paul contrasts works of the flesh (Gal 5:19) with fruit (not "works") of the Spirit (Gal 5:22). Not law, but the Spirit, leads to such traits.
15  Occasions of envy: after the Greek word phthonoi, "envies," some manuscripts add a similar sounding one, phonoi, "murders."