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·Matthew Chapter 1(玛窦福音)
·Matthew Chapter 2
·Matthew Chapter 3
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·Matthew Chapter 5
·Matthew Chapter 6
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·Matthew Chapter 9
·Matthew Chapter 10
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·Matthew Chapter 27
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·Luke Chapter 21
·Luke Chapter 22
·Luke Chapter 23
·Luke Chapter 24
·John Chapter 1(若望福音)
·John Chapter 2
·John Chapter 3
·John Chapter 4
·John Chapter 5
·John Chapter 6
·John Chapter 7
·John Chapter 8
·John Chapter 9
·John Chapter 10
·John Chapter 11
·John Chapter 12
·John Chapter 13
·John Chapter 14
·John Chapter 15
·John Chapter 16
·John Chapter 17
·John Chapter 18
·John Chapter 19
·John Chapter 20
·John Chapter 21
·Acts Chapter 1(宗徒大事录)
·Acts Chapter 2
·Acts Chapter 3
·Acts Chapter 4
·Acts Chapter 5
·Acts Chapter 6
·Acts Chapter 7
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·Acts Chapter 9
·Acts Chapter 10
·Acts Chapter 11
·Acts Chapter 12
·Acts Chapter 13
·Acts Chapter 14
·Acts Chapter 15
·Acts Chapter 16
·Acts Chapter 17
·Acts Chapter 18
·Acts Chapter 19
·Acts Chapter 20
·Acts Chapter 21
·Acts Chapter 22
·Acts Chapter 23
·Acts Chapter 24
·Acts Chapter 25
·Acts Chapter 26
·Acts Chapter 27
·Acts Chapter 28
·Romans Chapter 1(罗马人书)
·Romans Chapter 2
·Romans Chapter 3
·Romans Chapter 4
·Romans Chapter 5
·Romans Chapter 6
·Romans Chapter 7
·Romans Chapter 8
·Romans Chapter 9
·Romans Chapter 10
·Romans Chapter 11
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·Romans Chapter 14
·Romans Chapter 15
·Romans Chapter 16
·1 Corinthians Chapter 1[格前]
·1 Corinthians Chapter 2
·1 Corinthians Chapter 3
·1 Corinthians Chapter 4
·1 Corinthians Chapter 5
·1 Corinthians Chapter 6
·1 Corinthians Chapter 7
·1 Corinthians Chapter 8
·1 Corinthians Chapter 9
·1 Corinthians Chapter 10
·1 Corinthians Chapter 11
·1 Corinthians Chapter 12
·1 Corinthians Chapter 13
·1 Corinthians Chapter 14
·1 Corinthians Chapter 15
·1 Corinthians Chapter 16
·2 Corinthians Chapter 1[格后]
·2 Corinthians Chapter 2
·2 Corinthians Chapter 3
·2 Corinthians Chapter 4
·2 Corinthians Chapter 5
·2 Corinthians Chapter 6
·2 Corinthians Chapter 7
·2 Corinthians Chapter 8
·2 Corinthians Chapter 9
·2 Corinthians Chapter 10
·2 Corinthians Chapter 11
·2 Corinthians Chapter 12
·2 Corinthians Chapter 13
·Galatians Chapter 1迦拉达书
·Galatians Chapter 2
·Galatians Chapter 3
·Galatians Chapter 4
·Galatians Chapter 5
·Galatians Chapter 6
·Ephesians Chapter 1厄弗所书
·Ephesians Chapter 2
·Ephesians Chapter 3
·Ephesians Chapter 4
·Ephesians Chapter 5
·Ephesians Chapter 6
·Philippians Chapter 1斐理伯书
·Philippians Chapter 2
·Philippians Chapter 3
·Philippians Chapter 4
·Colossians Chapter 1哥罗森书
·Colossians Chapter 2
·Colossians Chapter 3
·Colossians Chapter 4
·1 Thessalonians Chapter 1[得前
·1 Thessalonians Chapter 2
·1 Thessalonians Chapter 3
·1 Thessalonians Chapter 4
·1 Thessalonians Chapter 5
·2 Thessalonians Chapter 1[得后
·2 Thessalonians Chapter 2
·2 Thessalonians Chapter 3
·1 Timothy Chapter 1弟茂德前书
·1 Timothy Chapter 2
·1 Timothy Chapter 3
·1 Timothy Chapter 4
·1 Timothy Chapter 5
·1 Timothy Chapter 6
·2 Timothy Chapter 1弟茂德后书
·2 Timothy Chapter 2
·2 Timothy Chapter 3
·2 Timothy Chapter 4
·Titus Chapter 1弟铎书
·Titus Chapter 2
·Titus Chapter 3
·Philemon 费肋孟书
·Hebrews Chapter 1希伯来书
·Hebrews Chapter 2
·Hebrews Chapter 3
·Hebrews Chapter 4
·Hebrews Chapter 5
·Hebrews Chapter 6
·Hebrews Chapter 7
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·Hebrews Chapter 9
·Hebrews Chapter 10
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·Hebrews Chapter 12
·Hebrews Chapter 13
·James Chapter 1雅各伯书
·James Chapter 2
·James Chapter 3
·James Chapter 4
·James Chapter 5
·Matthew Chapter 28
·1 Peter Chapter 1伯多禄前书
·1 Peter Chapter 2
·1 Peter Chapter 3
·1 Peter Chapter 4
·1 Peter Chapter 5
·2 Peter Chapter 1伯多禄后书
·2 Peter Chapter 2
·2 Peter Chapter 3
·1 John Chapter 1若望一书
·1 John Chapter 2
·1 John Chapter 3
·1 John Chapter 4
·1 John Chapter 5
·2 John 若望二书
·3 John 若望三书
·Jude 犹达书
·Revelation Chapter 1若望默示录
·Revelation Chapter 2
·Revelation Chapter 3
·Revelation Chapter 4
·Revelation Chapter 5
·Revelation Chapter 6
·Revelation Chapter 7
·Revelation Chapter 8
·Revelation Chapter 9
·Revelation Chapter 10
·Revelation Chapter 11
·Revelation Chapter 12
·Revelation Chapter 13
·Revelation Chapter 14
·Revelation Chapter 15
·Revelation Chapter 16
·Revelation Chapter 17
·Revelation Chapter 18
·Revelation Chapter 19
·Revelation Chapter 20
·Revelation Chapter 21
·Revelation Chapter 22
「我的民因无知识而灭亡。你弃掉知识,我也必弃掉你,使你不再给我作祭司。」
John Chapter 12
John Chapter 12
浏览次数:2399 更新时间:2009-6-10
 
 
 

John
Chapter 12

1 1 Six days before Passover Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus was, whom Jesus had raised from the dead.

逾越节前六天,耶稣来到伯达尼,就是耶稣从死者中唤起拉匝禄的地方。

2 They gave a dinner for him there, and Martha served, while Lazarus was one of those reclining at table with him.

有人在那里为他摆设了晚宴,玛尔大伺候,而拉匝禄也是和耶稣一起坐席的一位。

3 Mary took a liter of costly perfumed oil made from genuine aromatic nard and anointed the feet of Jesus 2 and dried them with her hair; the house was filled with the fragrance of the oil.

那时,玛利亚拿了一斤极珍贵的纯"拿尔多"香液,敷抹了耶稣的脚,并用自己的头发擦干,屋里便充满了香液的气味。

4 Then Judas the Iscariot, one (of) his disciples, and the one who would betray him, said,

那要负卖耶稣的依斯加略犹达斯──即他的一个门徒──便说:

5 Why was this oil not sold for three hundred days' wages 3 and given to the poor?

"为什么不把这香液去卖三百块"德纳",施舍给穷人呢?"

6 He said this not because he cared about the poor but because he was a thief and held the money bag and used to steal the contributions.

他说这话,并不是因为他关心穷人,只因为他是个贼,掌管钱囊,常偷取其中所存放的。

7 So Jesus said, Leave her alone. Let her keep this for the day of my burial. 4

耶稣就说:"由她罢!这原是她为我安葬之日而保存的。

8 You always have the poor with you, but you do not always have me.

你们常有穷人和你们在一起;至于我,你们却不常有。"

9 (The) large crowd of the Jews found out that he was there and came, not only because of Jesus, but also to see Lazarus, whom he had raised from the dead.

有许多犹太人听说耶稣在那里,就来了,不但是为耶稣,也是为看他从死者中所唤起的拉匝禄。

10 And the chief priests plotted to kill Lazarus too,

为此,司祭长决议连拉匝禄也要杀掉,

11 because many of the Jews were turning away and believing in Jesus because of him.

因为有许多犹太人为了拉匝禄的缘故,离开他们,而信从了耶稣。

12 5 On the next day, when the great crowd that had come to the feast heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem,

第二天,来过节的群众,听说耶稣来到耶路撒冷,

13 they took palm branches 6 and went out to meet him, and cried out: Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord, (even) the king of Israel.

便拿了棕榈枝,出去迎接他,喊说:"贺三纳!因上主之名而来的,以色列的君王,应受赞颂。"

14 Jesus found an ass and sat upon it, as is written:

耶稣找了一匹小驴,就骑上去,正如经上所记载的:

15 Fear no more, O daughter Zion; 7 see, your king comes, seated upon an ass's colt.

"熙雍女子,不要害怕!看,你的君王骑着驴驹来了!"

16 His disciples did not understand this at first, but when Jesus had been glorified they remembered that these things were written about him and that they had done this 8 for him.

起初他的门徒也没有明白这些事,然而,当耶稣受光荣以后,他们才想起这些话是指着他而记载的。为此,他们就这样对他做了。

17 9 So the crowd that was with him when he called Lazarus from the tomb and raised him from death continued to testify.

当耶稣叫拉匝禄从坟墓中出来,由死者中唤起他时,那时同他在一起的众人,都为所见的作证;

18 This was (also) why the crowd went to meet him, because they heard that he had done this sign.

因此,有一群人去迎接他,因为他们听说他行了这个神迹;

19 So the Pharisees said to one another, You see that you are gaining nothing. Look, the whole world 10 has gone after him.

于是法利塞人便彼此说:"看,你们一无所成!瞧,全世界都跟他去了。"

20 11 Now there were some Greeks 12 among those who had come up to worship at the feast.

在那些上来过节,崇拜天主的人中,有些希腊人。

21 13 They came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, and asked him, Sir, we would like to see Jesus.

他们来到加里肋亚贝特赛达人斐理伯前,请求他说:"先生!我们愿拜见耶稣。"

22 Philip went and told Andrew; then Andrew and Philip went and told Jesus.

斐理伯就去告诉安德肋,然后安德肋和斐理伯便来告诉耶稣。

23 14 Jesus answered them, The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified.

耶稣开口向他们说:"人子要受光荣的时辰到了。

24 15 Amen, amen, I say to you, unless a grain of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains just a grain of wheat; but if it dies, it produces much fruit.

我实实在在告诉你们:一粒麦子如果不落在地里死了,仍只是一粒;如果死了,才结出许多子粒来。

25 Whoever loves his life 16 loses it, and whoever hates his life in this world will preserve it for eternal life.

爱惜自己性命的,必要丧失性命;在现世憎恨自己性命的,必要保存性命入于永生。

26 Whoever serves me must follow me, and where I am, there also will my servant be. The Father will honor whoever serves me.

谁若事奉我,就当跟随我;如此,我在那里,我的仆人也要在那里;谁若事奉我,我父必要尊重他。

27 I am troubled 17 now. Yet what should I say? 'Father, save me from this hour'? But it was for this purpose that I came to this hour.

现在我心神烦乱,我可说什么呢?我说:父啊!救我脱离这时辰罢?但正是为此,我才到了这时辰。

28 Father, glorify your name. Then a voice came from heaven, I have glorified it and will glorify it again.

父啊!光荣你的名罢!"当时有声音来自天上:"我已光荣了我的名,我还要光荣。"

29 The crowd there heard it and said it was thunder; but others said, An angel has spoken to him.

在场听见的群众,便说:"这是打雷。"另有人说:"是天使同他说话。"

30 Jesus answered and said, This voice did not come for my sake but for yours.

耶稣回答说:"这声音不是为我而来,而是为你们。

31 Now is the time of judgment on this world; now the ruler of this world 18 will be driven out.

现在就是这世界应受审判的时候,现在这世界的元首就要被赶出去;

32 And when I am lifted up from the earth, I will draw everyone to myself.

至于我,当我从地上被举起来时,便要吸引众人来归向我。"

33 He said this indicating the kind of death he would die.

他说这话,是要表明他要以怎样的死而死。

34 So the crowd answered him, We have heard from the law that the Messiah remains forever. 19 Then how can you say that the Son of Man must be lifted up? Who is this Son of Man?

于是群众回答他说:"我们从法律上知道:默西亚要存留到永远;你怎么说:人子必须被举起呢?这个人子是谁?"

35 Jesus said to them, The light will be among you only a little while. Walk while you have the light, so that darkness may not overcome you. Whoever walks in the dark does not know where he is going.

耶稣遂给他们说:"光在你们中间还有片刻。你们趁着还有光的时候,应该行走,免得黑暗笼罩了你们。那在黑暗中行走的,不知道往那里去。

36 While you have the light, believe in the light, so that you may become children of the light.
After he had said this, Jesus left and hid from them.

几时你们还有光,应当信从光,好成为光明之子。"

耶稣讲完了这些话,就躲开他们,隐藏去了。

37 20 Although he had performed so many signs in their presence they did not believe in him,

耶稣虽然在他们面前行了这么多的神迹,他们仍然不信他;

38 21 in order that the word which Isaiah the prophet spoke might be fulfilled: Lord, who has believed our preaching, to whom has the might of the Lord been revealed?

这正应验了依撒意亚先知所说的话:‘上主!有谁会相信我们的报道呢?上主的手臂又向谁显示了出来呢?

39 For this reason they could not believe, because again Isaiah said:

他们不能信,因为依撒意亚又说过:

40 He blinded their eyes and hardened their heart, so that they might not see with their eyes and understand with their heart and be converted, and I would heal them.

 上主使他们瞎了眼,使他们硬了心,免得他们眼睛看见,心里觉悟而悔改,使我治好他们。

41 Isaiah said this because he saw his glory 22 and spoke about him.

依撒意亚因为看见了他的光荣,所以指着他讲了这话。

42 Nevertheless, many, even among the authorities, believed in him, but because of the Pharisees they did not acknowledge it openly in order not to be expelled from the synagogue.

事虽如此,但在首领中,仍有许多人信从了耶稣,只为了法利塞人而不敢明认,免得被逐出会堂,

43 For they preferred human praise to the glory of God.

因为他们喜爱世人的光荣,胜过天主的光荣。

44 Jesus cried out and said, Whoever believes in me believes not only in me but also in the one who sent me,

耶稣呼喊说:"信我的,不是信我,而是信那派遣我来的;

45 and whoever sees me sees the one who sent me.

看见我的,也就是看见那派遣我来的。

46 I came into the world as light, so that everyone who believes in me might not remain in darkness.

我身为光明,来到了世界上,使凡信我的,不留在黑暗中。

47 And if anyone hears my words and does not observe them, I do not condemn him, for I did not come to condemn the world but to save the world.

无论谁,若听我的话而不遵行,我不审判他,因为我不是为审判世界而来,乃是为拯救世界。

48 Whoever rejects me and does not accept my words has something to judge him: the word that I spoke, it will condemn him on the last day,

拒绝我,及不接受我话的,自有审判他的:就是我所说的话,要在末日审判他。

49 because I did not speak on my own, but the Father who sent me commanded me what to say and speak.

因为我没有凭我自己说话,而是派遣我来的父,他给我出了命,叫我该说什么,该讲什么。

50 And I know that his commandment is eternal life. So what I say, I say as the Father told me.

我知道他的命令就是永生;所以,我所讲论的,全是依照父对我所说的而讲论的。"

 

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Footnotes(注解)

1 [1-8] This is probably the same scene of anointing found in Mark 14:3-9 (see the note there) and Matthew 26:6-13. The anointing by a penitent woman in Luke 7:36-38 is different. Details from these various episodes have become interchanged.

2 [3] The feet of Jesus: so Mark 14:3; but in Matthew 26:6, Mary anoints Jesus' head as a sign of regal, messianic anointing.

3 [5] Days' wages: literally, denarii. A denarius is a day's wage in Matthew 20:2; see the note on John 6:7.

4 [7] Jesus' response reflects the rabbinical discussion of what was the greatest act of mercy, almsgiving or burying the dead. Those who favored proper burial of the dead thought it an essential condition for sharing in the resurrection.

5 [12-19] In John, the entry into Jerusalem follows the anointing whereas in the synoptics it precedes. In John, the crowd, not the disciples, are responsible for the triumphal procession.

6 [13] Palm branches: used to welcome great conquerors; cf 1 Macc 13:51; 2 Macc 10:7. They may be related to the lulab, the twig bundles used at the feast of Tabernacles. Hosanna: see Psalm 118:25-26. The Hebrew word means: (O Lord), grant salvation. He who comes in the name of the Lord: referred in Psalm 118:26 to a pilgrim entering the temple gates, but here a title for Jesus (see the notes on Matthew 11:3 and John 6:14; 11:27). The king of Israel: perhaps from Zephaniah 3:14-15 in connection with the next quotation from Zechariah 9:9.

7 [15] Daughter Zion: Jerusalem. Ass's colt: symbol of peace, as opposed to the war horse.

8 [16] They had done this: the antecedent of they is ambiguous.

9 [17-18] There seem to be two different crowds in these verses. There are some good witnesses to the text that have another reading for John 12:17: Then the crowd that was with him began to testify that he had called Lazarus out of the tomb and raised him from the dead.

10 [19] The whole world: the sense is that everyone is following Jesus, but John has an ironic play on world; he alludes to the universality of salvation (John 3:17; 4:42).

11 [20-36[ This announcement of glorification by death is an illustration of the whole world (19) going after him.

12 [20] Greeks: not used here in a nationalistic sense. These are probably Gentile proselytes to Judaism; cf John 7:35.

13 [21-22] Philip . . . Andrew: the approach is made through disciples who have distinctly Greek names, suggesting that access to Jesus was mediated to the Greek world through his disciples. Philip and Andrew were from Bethsaida (John 1:44); Galileans were mostly bilingual. See: here seems to mean have an interview with.<, /o:p>

14 [23] Jesus' response suggests that only after the crucifixion could the gospel encompass both Jew and Gentile.

15 [24] This verse implies that through his death Jesus will be accessible to all. It remains just a grain of wheat: this saying is found in the synoptic triple and double traditions (Mark 8:35; Matthew 16:25; Luke 9:24; Matthew 10:39; Luke 17:33). John adds the phrases (John 12:25) in this world and for eternal life.

16 [25] His life: the Greek word psyche refers to a person's natural life. It does not mean soul, for Hebrew anthropology did not postulate body/soul dualism in the way that is familiar to us.

17 [27] I am troubled: perhaps an allusion to the Gethsemane agony scene of the synoptics.

18 [31] Ruler of this world: Satan.

19 [34] There is no passage in the Old Testament that states precisely that the Messiah remains forever. Perhaps the closest is Psalm 89:37.

20 [37-50] These verses, on unbelief of the Jews, provide an epilogue to the Book of Signs.

21 [38-41] John gives a historical explanation of the disbelief of the Jewish people, not a psychological one. The Old Testament had to be fulfilled; the disbelief that met Isaiah's message was a foreshadowing of the disbelief that Jesus encountered. In John 12:42 and also in John 3:20 we see that there is no negation of freedom.

22 [41] His glory: Isaiah saw the glory of Yahweh enthroned in the heavenly temple, but in John the antecedent of his is Jesus.

 

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