3 I am grateful to God, whom I worship with a clear conscience as my ancestors did, 3 as I remember you constantly in my prayers, night and day.
4 4 I yearn to see you again, recalling your tears, so that I may be filled with joy,
6 For this reason, I remind you to stir into flame the gift of God 5 that you have through the imposition of my hands.
8 So do not be ashamed of your testimony to our Lord, 6 nor of me, a prisoner for his sake; but bear your share of hardship for the gospel with the strength that comes from God.
9 7 He saved us and called us to a holy life, not according to our works but according to his own design and the grace bestowed on us in Christ Jesus before time began,
10 but now made manifest through the appearance of our savior Christ Jesus, who destroyed death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel,
11 8 for which I was appointed preacher and apostle and teacher.
12 9 On this account I am suffering these things; but I am not ashamed, for I know him in whom I have believed and am confident that he is able to guard what has been entrusted to me until that day.
15 10 You know that everyone in
16 11 May the Lord grant mercy to the family of Onesiphorus because he often gave me new heart and was not ashamed of my chains.
18 May the Lord grant him to find mercy from the Lord 12 on that day. And you know very well the services he rendered in
4 [4-5] Purportedly written from prison in Rome (2 Tim 1:8, 17; 4:6-8) shortly before the writer's death, the letter recalls the earlier sorrowful parting from Timothy, commending him for his faith and expressing the longing to see him again.
6  Do not be ashamed of your testimony to our Lord: i.e., of preaching and suffering for the sake of the gospel.
9  He is able to guard . . . until that day: the intervening words can also be translated "what I have entrusted to him" (i.e., the fruit of his ministry) as well as "what has been entrusted to me" (i.e., the faith). The same difficult term occurs in 2 Tim 1:14, where it is modified by the adjective "rich" and used without a possessive.
10  Keen disappointment is expressed, here and later (2 Tim 4:16), that the Christians of the province of
11 [16-18] The family of Onesiphorus because he . . . of my chains: Onesiphorus seems to have died before this letter was written. His family is mentioned twice (here and in 2 Tim 4:19), though it was Onesiphorus himself who was helpful to Paul in prison and rendered much service to the community of
12  Lord . . . Lord: the first "Lord" here seems to refer to Christ, the second "Lord" to the Father.